How to Prep Your Garden for Spring: 5 Steps for Success

By Stacey Himler

Spring is one of the most exciting times for gardeners, as this season is when you can start planting, watching your plants grow, and enjoying all the blooms. To ensure a successful spring in the garden, it’s important to take some time to prepare before those first seedlings go in the ground. This includes properly composting and pruning your plants, replenishing soils, and taking steps to protect against pests.

1. Test the Soil.

One of the most important steps in prepping your garden for spring is to test the soil. This is crucial because it will give you a better indication of what type of soil your plants will thrive in and what needs to be added or amended before planting season begins. You can get your soil tested at a local agricultural extension office or purchase an at-home kit from your local garden center. Testing your soil is key to ensuring that optimum nutrients are present for successful plant growth.

2. Plant Early Crops.

Planting early crops is a great way to get a jump start on the growing season. Consider planting cold-tolerant vegetables such as kale, spinach, and peas when the temperatures begin to rise. These crops require very little care and can withstand light frosts, allowing them to thrive even during cooler temperatures. Additionally, many of these early crops have a fast germination time and will be ready for harvesting in just a few weeks.

3. Add Compost or Fertilizers.

Adding compost or fertilizers to your garden is an essential step of preparing for the spring season. Compost can provide additional nutrients and improve soil structure, which in turn makes it easier for plants to absorb essential minerals. Fertilizing should be done at the time of planting, as this will ensure that the seeds have everything they need to get started on their growth journey. Make sure to use organic fertilizers whenever possible, as these are not only better for your plants but also safer for you and the environment.

4. Prune Your Garden Plants.

Pruning is one of the most important tasks when getting your garden ready for the upcoming spring season. Depending on the type of plant, pruning can help to promote growth and health by encouraging plants to grow in a certain direction or shape. Pruning can also help eliminate dead or diseased branches and leaves that may otherwise harm the plant’s health. When pruning, it’s important to make sure that you’re using clean pruners in order to reduce the spread of any possible diseases from one plant to another.

5. Start Seedlings Indoor or Greenhouse.

Starting your plants from seed indoors or in a greenhouse is an ideal way to help ensure a successful garden. By giving your young plants the chance to become acclimated to the outdoor climate, you can drastically reduce the chances of plants experiencing shock after transplanting them outside. Additionally, starting your own seeds allows you to have more control over the type of soil that they’re planted in and when exactly they’ll be ready for transplanting.

Spring is here, and it’s the perfect time for seniors to start preparing for gardening season! 

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by Stacey Himler, Owner of Caring Transitions of Southern Delaware

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